Chandrayaan 3 Launch: Chandrayaan 3 will leave on July 14 to reach the surface of the Moon
Chandrayaan 3: India’s space agency, the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO), is eagerly preparing for the launch of Chandrayaan-3. This mission holds great significance as it aims to make India the fourth country to successfully land a spacecraft on the moon’s surface. Chandrayaan-3 is equipped with enhanced capabilities, including more fuel, fail-safe measures, and an expanded landing site. In this article, we will delve into the goals, preparations, and challenges surrounding the upcoming Chandrayaan-3 launch.
Chandrayaan-3: A Mission to the Moon
Chandrayaan-3 is a follow-up mission to its predecessor, Chandrayaan-2, and has set ambitious objectives. The primary goal of this mission is to demonstrate India’s capability to safely land a spacecraft on the moon and deploy a rover for surface exploration. Additionally, Chandrayaan-3 aims to collect crucial data about the moon’s composition, geology, and potential resources. This mission serves as a stepping stone towards India’s broader ambitions in space exploration.
Chandrayaan 3: Launch and Lunar Orbit
The spacecraft will be launched from Sriharikota, Andhra Pradesh, using the powerful LVM3 rocket. Once launched, Chandrayaan-3 will traverse a month-long journey before entering the lunar orbit. It is expected that the lander, named Vikram, and the rover, called Pragyaan, will touch down on the lunar surface on August 23.
Objectives of Chandrayaan-3
Chandrayaan-3 has been designed to achieve several scientific objectives. The mission aims to study the moon’s environment comprehensively, investigating its history, geology, and potential resources. By analyzing the moon’s composition and gathering geological data, scientists hope to deepen our understanding of our celestial neighbor. Chandrayaan-3 will play a vital role in advancing lunar research and contributing to humanity’s knowledge of the moon.
Chandrayaan 3: Challenges in Lunar Landings
Landing a spacecraft on the moon is an intricate and challenging task. ISRO faced a setback in its previous mission, Chandrayaan-2, when the Vikram lander encountered an unfortunate crash during its descent. Learning from this experience, Chandrayaan-3 has undergone significant modifications and improvements to ensure a successful landing. The spacecraft is equipped with additional fuel capacity, allowing it to travel longer distances and providing flexibility to handle dispersion or relocate to alternative landing sites, if required. ISRO has meticulously programmed various failure scenarios to ensure a safe and controlled landing.
Chandrayaan 3: Preparations and Enhancements
ISRO has taken meticulous measures to enhance the capabilities of Chandrayaan-3. The Vikram lander has been modified to generate power regardless of its landing orientation. Extensive testing has been conducted to ensure the lander’s ability to withstand higher velocities and impact forces. Moreover, additional solar panels have been installed on multiple surfaces of the lander, augmenting its power generation capabilities. These preparations aim to mitigate potential risks and maximize the chances of a successful mission.
The launch of Chandrayaan-3 represents an exciting milestone in India’s space exploration journey. With its ambitious goals and enhanced preparations, ISRO aims to place India among the elite nations that have successfully landed spacecraft on the moon. Chandrayaan-3’s mission to study the moon’s composition, geology, and resources will contribute significantly to our understanding of the lunar environment. The challenges inherent in lunar landings have been acknowledged, and ISRO has taken comprehensive measures to overcome them. As we eagerly await the launch, India’s scientific community and space enthusiasts around the world anticipate the remarkable achievements that Chandrayaan-3 will bring forth.
Read this article in Hindi: चंद्रमा की सतह पर पहुचने 14 जुलाई को रवाना होगा चंद्रयान 3
FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions)
1. When is Chandrayaan-3 scheduled for launch?
The Chandrayaan-3 mission is scheduled for launch from Sriharikota, Andhra Pradesh, on an upcoming date.
2. How will Chandrayaan-3 reach the lunar orbit?
Chandrayaan-3 will be launched using the LVM3 rocket, which will carry the spacecraft to a 100 km lunar orbit.
3. What are the objectives of Chandrayaan-3?
The objectives of Chandrayaan-3 include safely landing a spacecraft on the moon, deploying a rover, studying the moon’s composition and geology, and assessing its potential resources.
4. What challenges does ISRO face in lunar landings?
Lunar landings pose various challenges, including precise navigation, descent control, and mitigating potential failures during landing. ISRO has made significant improvements to Chandrayaan-3 to address these challenges.
5. How does Chandrayaan-3 contribute to lunar research?
Chandrayaan-3 aims to advance our understanding of the moon’s environment, history, geology, and potential resources. The mission will gather crucial data that will further scientific research and exploration endeavors.