Bjp Logo: The Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP): India’s Major Political Force Bjp Background, Bjp Office

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Bjp Logo: The Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP): The Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) is a major political party in India, currently led by Prime Minister Narendra Modi. It follows right-wing politics and embraces Hindutva, a Hindu nationalist ideology. The BJP has close ties to the Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh (RSS) and is the largest political party in India in terms of representation. The party originated from the Bharatiya Jana Sangh, founded by Shyama Prasad Mukherjee.

After merging with other parties, it became the BJP. Despite initial setbacks, the BJP gained strength through the Ram Janmabhoomi movement. It formed the National Democratic Alliance (NDA) and had successful periods of governance under Prime Minister Atal Bihari Vajpayee and later Narendra Modi. The BJP’s official ideology is integral humanism, and its government has implemented various policies aligned with its Hindu-nationalist agenda. However, concerns have been raised about democratic backsliding in India under BJP rule.

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Bjp Background History

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Origins and Formation The BJP traces its roots back to the Bharatiya Jana Sangh, also known as Jana Sangh, established in 1951 by Syama Prasad Mukherjee. It was formed in collaboration with the Hindu nationalist organization, Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh (RSS), and was considered the political arm of the RSS. The Jana Sangh aimed to protect India’s Hindu cultural identity, counter perceived appeasement of Muslims and Pakistan by the Congress party, and integrated RSS members within its leadership. Initially, the Jana Sangh had a minor presence in parliament.

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Janata Party (1977–80) During the period of emergency imposed by Prime Minister Indira Gandhi in 1975, the Jana Sangh participated in protests and faced arrests. In 1977, after the emergency was lifted, the Jana Sangh merged with other parties to form the Janata Party, with the goal of defeating Indira Gandhi. The Janata Party formed a government, and Vajpayee, a former Jana Sangh leader, became the Minister of External Affairs. However, internal conflicts arose, and the Janata Party eventually split.

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BJP (1980–present) Following the split, the Jana Sangh members formed the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) in 1980, with Atal Bihari Vajpayee as its first president. In its early years, the BJP attempted to moderate its Hindu nationalist stance and gain a broader appeal by aligning with the Janata Party and emphasizing Gandhian Socialism. However, the party only achieved limited success in the 1984 elections due to the wave of support for the Congress party following the assassination of Indira Gandhi.

NDA Government (2014–present) In the 2014 general election, the BJP, under the leadership of Narendra Modi, secured a majority of seats in the Lok Sabha and formed the National Democratic Alliance (NDA) government. Modi became the 14th Prime Minister of India. The BJP expanded its support base, attracting voters from different castes and classes. The party’s policies included revoking Article 370, which granted special status to Jammu and Kashmir, and introducing the Citizenship (Amendment) Act, 2019, which faced criticism for its exclusionary provisions.

Overall, the BJP has emerged as a major political force in India, advocating for Hindu nationalism and promoting its ideological principles. Its rise to power has brought both support and criticism, with debates surrounding democratic backsliding and communal tensions during its rule.

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Bharatiya Janata Party/Headquarters

6-A, Pandit Deen Dayal Upadhyaya Marg, New Delhi-110002

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